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Public Investments in Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada 2010

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Comparative Tables on Key Topics

List of table from 1 to 23

Table 1 - Number of Children 0-12 Years, 2009 (Rounded Estimate)
P/T 0-2 yrs 3-5 yrs 6-12 yrs Total 0-12 yrsReference a is located after the table
NL 13,900 14,400 36,000 64,400
PE 4,300 4,100 11,300 19,600
NS 26,600 25,900 65,100 117,500
NB 22,400 21,500 51,900 95,900
QC 233,200 222,200 559,800 1,015,300
ON 410,500 417,800 1,031,500 1,859,700
MB 39,600 37,800 97,900 175,200
SK 37,600 33,100 80,100 150,900
AB 137,500 122,700 299,100 559,400
BC 127,900 129,100 314,000 570,900
NT 2,052 1,996 4,172 8,220
NU 2,235 2,047 4,707 8,989
YT 1,136 1,120 2,591 4,847
CAReference a is located after the table 1,058,923 1,033,763 2,558,170 4,650,856
  • Source from the above table Source: Special tabulation based on the Labour Force Survey, 2009 Annual Average. Conducted by Statistics Canada.
  • Reference from the above table a Totals may not add up due to rounding.
Table 2 - Number of Children 0-12 Years with Mothers
in the Paid Labour Force, 2009 (Rounded Estimate)
P/T 0-2 yrs 3-5 yrs 6-12 yrs Total 0-12 yrsReference a is located after the table
NL 7,300 7,800 23,200 38,100
PE 2,800 2,800 7,900 13,600
NS 15,400 16,300 44,100 75,700
NB 15,000 14,800 36,500 66,300
QC 156,900 147,700 388,800 693,300
ON 245,900 254,400 688,400 1,188,800
MB 20,800 21,000 62,700 104,500
SK 23,300 21,200 58,300 103,100
AB 72,300 68,200 197,800 338,200
BC 72,200 78,700 199,500 350,400
NT 1,100 1, 000 2,500 4,600
NU Not available Not available Not available Not available
YT 700 600 1,600 3,000
CAReference a is located after the table 633,700 634,500 1,711,300 2,979,600
  • Source from the above table Source: Special tabulation based on the Labour Force Survey, 2009 Annual Average. Conducted by Statistics Canada.
  • Reference from the above table a Totals may not add up due to rounding.
Table 3 - Workforce Participation of Mothers by Age of Youngest Child, 2009 (Rounded Estimate)
P/T Youngest
child 0-2 yrs
Youngest
child 3-5 yrs
Youngest child
6-15 yrs
# mothers/labour force (%) # mothers/labour force (%) # mothers/labour force (%)
NL 8,300 68 6,700 73 22,000 83
PE 2,900 76 2,000 83 7,100 88
NS 15,900 68 12,700 83 40,000 84
NB 14,900 76 9,900 81 32,500 84
QC 153,800 73 104,300 78 343,200 86
ON 250,900 69 183,400 75 601,400 83
MB 21,000 62 13,700 71 51,700 86
SK 22,000 70 13,300 77 44,600 89
AB 74,200 63 44,700 70 165,700 86
BC 75,800 66 57,000 75 179,700 80
NTReference a is located after the table n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
NUReference a is located after the table n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
YTReference a is located after the table n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
CA 639,700 69 447,700 75 1,487,000 84
  • Source from the above table Source: Statistics Canada. Labour force historical review, 2009, Statistics Canada website.
  • Reference from the above table a Equivalent information is not available for the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, or Yukon. The territories collect this information using different age categories. See territorial sections for more information.


Table 4 - Regulated Child Care Spaces, Percentage of Children 0-12 Years
for Whom There Is a Regulated Child Care Space and Percentage of Children 0-5 Years
for Whom There Is a Regulated Full or Part-Time Centre-Based Space, 2010
P/T Centre-based
full- and part-day
child care for 0-5
School-age
child care
Regulated family
child care
Total regulated
spaces
0-12
Children 0-12
for whom there
is a regulated child
care space
(%)
Children 0-5
for whom there
is a regulated full
or part-time
centre-based space
(%)
NL 5,072 724 404 6,200 9.6 17.9
PE 3,491Reference a is located after the table 875 28 5,084 25.9 41.6
NS 11,829 3,039 427 15,295 13.0 22.6
NB 9,256 8,994 535 18,785 19.6 21.1
QC 129,585 162,992Reference b is located after the table 86,809 379,386 37.4 28.5
ONReference c is located after the table 167,359 90,233 18,953 276,410 14.9 19.7
MB 17,639 8,406 3,337 29,382 16.8 22.8
SK 7,451 1,158 2,239 10,848 7.2 10.5
AB 51,392 19,070 11,588 82,050 14.7 19.8
BC 50,818 30,305 16,047 97,170 17.0 19.8
NT 929 456 400 1,785 21.7 22.9
NU 878 137 0 1,015 11.3 20.5
YTReference d is located after the table 629 205 280 1,431 29.5 27.9
CA 456,328 326,594 141,047 921,841 19.9 21.8
  • Reference from the above table a For the purpose of comparison with other provinces, part-day kindergarten spaces as of March 2010 are excluded from the calculations for Prince Edward Island. As of September 2010, kindergarten moved to the education system.
  • Reference from the above table b The total number of school-age spaces is from 2008. More recent information is not available.
  • Reference from the above table c The total regulated spaces is not the sum of the categories listed. This figure is an estimated licensed capacity based on capacity in child care centres and enrolment in family child care.
  • Reference from the above table d Yukon provided total occupied spaces and total regulated spaces, but breakdown by type of service only for occupied spaces. Thus, the sum of centre-based, school-age and family child care do not equal the total regulated spaces above. Total regulated spaces have been used in the Canada total and in calculating coverage 0-12; occupied spaces was used for calculating coverage 0-5.


Table 5 - Sponsorship of Regulated Centre-Based Spaces for Children 0-12 Years, 2010
P/T Not-for-profit and publicly-operatedReference a is located after the table For-profit Percentage for-profit (%)
NL 1,615 4,181 72
PE 2,126 2,958 58
NS 7,194 7,674 52
NBReference b is located after the table 7,065 11,720 62
QC 242,539 50,038 17
ON 192,256 65,201 25
MB 24,871 1,174 5
SK 8,609 0 0
AB 41,506 40,835 50
BC 45,956 35,267 43
NT 1,385 0 0
NU 1,015 0 0
YT 639 512 44
CA 576,776 219,560 28
  • Reference from the above table a Full- and part-time spaces are included in these figures because some provinces cannot provide break-downs.
  • Reference from the above table b Estimate provided by provincial officials.


Table 6 - Child Care Centres on Reserve and in Self-Government Regions,Reference a is located after the table 2010
P/T # centres on reserve or self government regions Regulated by
province/territory
Provincial/territorial
funding
NL 8Reference b is located after the table On request Yes
PE 2 No No
NS 13 No No
NB 8 On request No
QC 49 Yes Yes
ON 74 Yes Yes
MB 64 On request NoReference c is located after the table
SK 76 No No
AB 35 No No
BC 122 (est.)Reference d is located after the table Yes Yes
NTReference e is located after the table 59 Yes Yes
NUReference e is located after the table 47 Yes Yes
YTReference f is located after the table 9 Yes Yes
  • Reference from the above table a Off-reserve child care centres and family child care agencies serving Aboriginal families are available in some provinces/territories. Refer to Aboriginal Child Care section of each province/territory for details. In addition, see Federal Contributions to Aboriginal ECEC.
  • Reference from the above table b There are two child care centres on Miawpukek First Nation reserve in Conne River. In addition, there are six provincially licensed centres operating in the Nunatsiavut self-government region.
  • Reference from the above table c One of the 64 centres that has chosen to be licensed receives provincial funding but not federal funding.
  • Reference from the above table d This figure represents an estimate by provincial officials.
  • Reference from the above table e Northwest Territories (outside Yellowknife) and Nunavut are made up of Dene and Inuit communities. These figures represent all centres in the two territories.
  • Reference from the above table f There are no reserves in Yukon; information refers to child care operated by Aboriginal communities.


Table 7 - Total Provincial/Territorial Allocation for Regulated Child Care,
Allocation for Each Regulated Child Care Space and Allocation
for Each Child 0-12 Years, 2009-2010 (Rounded)
P/T Dollars ($)
Allocation to regulated child care per child 0-12Reference a is located after the table Allocation per regulated child care spaceReference b is located after the table Total provincial allocation for regulated child care
NL 319 3,310 20,523,355
PE 328 1,265 6,431,500
NS 332 2,552 39,032,889
NB 302 1,540 28,936,200
QC 1,969 5,268 1,998,720,000Reference c is located after the table
ON 431 2,901 801,800,000
MB 665 3,967 116,551,000
SK 356 4,952 53,716,182
AB 341 2,323 190,626,505
BC 399 2,341 227,500,000
NT 309 1,424 2,542,000
NU 309 2,734 2,775,000
YT 1,518 5,143 7,359,000
CA 752 3,792 3,496,527,631
  • Reference from the above table a Estimates based on total provincial allocation for regulated child care and total number of children 0-12 years.
  • Reference from the above table b Estimates based on total provincial allocation for regulated child care and total regulated spaces.
  • Reference from the above table c This figure includes funding for school-age child care from 2008. More recent information was not available.


Table 8 -Net Income Eligibility Levels for Full and Partial Child Care Fee Subsidies, 2010
P/T Family size Full subsidy up to ($) Partial subsidy up to ($)
NL 1 parent, 1 child 27,500 43,320
2 parents, 1 child 27,840 43,680
PE 1 parent, 1 child 15,400 27,400
2 parents, 2 children 21,200 53,040
NS 1 child 20,883 62,731
2 children 20,883 62,731
NB 1 child, 2 years or older 22,000 41,000
1 child, under 2 years old 22,000 41,000
QC not applicableReference a is located after the table not applicable not applicable
ON All families 20,000 not applicableReference b is located after the table
MB 1 parent, 1 child 15,593 27,796
2 parents, 2 children 21,371 45,777
SKReference c is located after the table 1 or 2 parents, 1 infant 19,800
(gross income)
36,720
(gross income)
1 or 2 parents, 2 children
(1 infant, 1 preschool)
21,000
(gross income)
72,720
(gross income)
ABReference d is located after the table 1 parent, 1 infant 35,100
(gross income)
56,808
(gross income)
2 parents, 1 infant, 1 preschool child 39,600
(gross income)
80,964
(gross income)
BC 1 parent, 1 child 30,984 48,984
2 parents, 2 children 35,016 53,016
NT not applicableReference e is located after the table not applicable not applicable
NU not applicableReference e is located after the table not applicable not applicable
YT 1 parent, 1 child 22,262 35,211
2 parents, 2 children 32,765 56,270
  • Reference from the above table a Quebec provides publicly-funded services rather than providing subsidies to selected families.
  • Reference from the above table b Depends on cost of child care. See Ontario section for details.
  • Reference from the above table c Saskatchewan uses gross income level to determine eligibility; not directly comparable to other jurisdictions.
  • Reference from the above table d Alberta uses gross income to determine eligibility; not directly comparable to other jurisdictions.
  • Reference from the above table e Eligibility for subsidy varies according to number of family members, actual shelter costs, community of residence and eligibility for enhanced benefits such as disability allowance, educational expenses. These needs are based on income assistance program schedules.


Table 9 - Median Full-Time, Full-Year Employment Income for Centre-Based
Early Childhood Educators and Assistants, 2005 Reference a is located after the table
P/T Dollars ($)
All Those with an ECE credential
NL 15,884 18,608
PE 19,616 21,970
NS 20,060 20,945
NB 17,429 17,942
QC 26,240 27,298
ON 27,199 29,298
MB 21,126 27,420
SK 19,193 22,022
AB 18,774 22,009
BC 24,987 26,145
NT 30,017 n/a
NU 25,008 23,168
YT $29,112 45,063
CA $25,100 $27,366
  • Source from the above table Source: Custom tabulations, 2006 census data on National Occupational Classification for Statistics E-217, Early Childhood Educators and Assistants.
  • Reference from the above table a May include those working in unregulated settings.


Table 10 - Maximum Staff:Child Ratios and Maximum Group Sizes
in Full-Day Centre-Based Child Care by Age,Reference a is located after the table 2010
P/T At 12 months At 36 months At 60 months
Ratio Group size Ratio Group size Ratio Group size
NL 1:3 6 1:5 10 1:12 24
PE 1:3 6 1:10 not specified 1:12 not specified
NS 1:4 10 1:8 not specified 1:15 30
NB 1:3 9 1:7 14 1:12 24
QC 1:5 not specified 1:8 not specified 1:20 not specified
ON 3:10 10 1:8 16 1:12 24
MB 1:4 8 1:8 16 1:10 20
SK 1:3 6 1:10 20 1:10 20
AB 1:4 8 1:8 16 1:10 20
BC 1:4 12 1:8 25 1:10 20
NT 1:3 6 1:8 16 1:10 20
NU 1:3 6 1:8 16 1:10 20
YT 1:4 8 1:8 16 1:8 16
  • Reference from the above table a In some provinces an age may fall into more than one age range. The ratios in this table represent a choice of the older age range in these cases.


Table 11 - Maximum Number of Children Permitted
in Unregulated Family Child Care, 2010 Reference a is located after the table
P/T Maximum number of children Includes provider's children? Are there further
age restrictions?Reference a is located after the table
NL 4 Yes Yes
PE 5 Yes Yes
NS 6 Yes Yes
NB 5 Yes Yes
QC 6 Yes No
ON 5 No No
MB 4 Yes Yes
SK 8 Yes Yes
AB 6 No Yes
BC 2, or a sibling group No No
NT 4 Yes Yes
NU 4 Yes Yes
YT 3 No Yes
  • Reference from the above table a Further age restrictions vary by province. Refer to individual provinces, many of which have further age restrictions.


Table 12 - Number of Children 0-12 Years (Rounded Estimates in 1000s)Reference a is located after the table
P/T 1992 1995 1998 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009
0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12
NL 45 63 41 57 34 52 30 46 31 41 29 39 28 37 28 36
PE 12 14 11 14 10 14 10 13 9 13 8 12 9 12 8 11
NS 74 86 70 86 64 89 61 80 55 77 51 75 49 69 53 65
NB 57 72 56 70 51 68 49 63 46 63 44 58 40 56 44 52
QC 502 655 565 627 527 646 460 656 443 634 435 604 468 554 455 560
ON 848 964 899 1,024 875 1,098 844 1,100 832 1,097 822 1,097 812 1,071 828 1,032
MB 98 111 92 106 87 108 79 107 76 104 77 102 78 97 77 98
SK 94 112 85 107 77 106 76 93 69 91 67 81 64 81 71 80
AB 250 279 242 289 231 301 233 289 218 298 228 284 246 295 260 299
BC 266 312 286 338 289 351 248 353 255 329 233 341 244 324 257 314
NT 9 8 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 4
NU n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5
YT 2 3 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3
CAReference b is located after the table 2,257 2,680 2,347 2,719 2,245 2,832 2,090 2,801 2,048 2,764 2,004 2,705 2,049 2,608 2,093 2,558
  • Reference from the above table a Source: Special tabulation based on the Labour Force Survey, 2009 Annual Average. Conducted by Statistics Canada. Further age breakdowns are available in each provincial/territorial chapter.
  • Reference from the above table b Totals may not add up due to rounding.


Table 13 - Number of Children 0-12 Years with Mothers in the Paid Labour Force
(Rounded Estimate in 1000s)Reference a is located after the table
P/T 1992 1995 1998 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009
0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12 0-5 6-12
NL 26 33 22 33 19 30 18 31 17 25 15 23 16 23 15 23
PE 8 9 8 10 8 11 7 10 6 10 6 9 6 8 6 8
NS 44 49 40 53 38 59 40 57 35 51 33 51 30 47 32 44
NB 33 38 30 43 31 44 32 45 28 41 28 39 26 39 30 37
QC 315 305 325 400 325 424 304 469 286 424 291 409 320 395 305 389
ON 539 556 539 711 546 774 538 787 495 730 508 742 504 725 500 688
MB 51 59 55 76 54 79 49 79 46 72 45 70 47 67 42 63
SK 59 67 55 80 47 77 47 66 43 64 41 57 39 57 45 58
AB 149 158 154 211 138 207 135 206 118 198 127 187 140 202 141 198
BC 154 182 162 245 168 234 147 241 148 210 139 223 144 215 151 200
NT n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 2.4 3.2 2.3 3 2.6 3 2.1 2.5
NU n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
YT n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.9 1.8 1.1 1.8 1.1 1.6 1.3 1.6
CAReference b is located after the table 1,378 1,456 1,390 1,862 1,375 1,939 1,317 1,991 1,224 1,829 1,236 1,815 1,275 1,783 1,268 1,711
  • Reference from the above table a Further age breakdowns are available in each provincial/territorial chapter.
  • Reference from the above table b Source: Special tabulation based on the Labour Force Survey, 2009 Annual Average. Conducted by Statistics Canada. Totals may not add up due to rounding.


Table 14 - Workforce Participation Rate of Mothers by Age of Youngest Child (%, Rounded Estimate)
P/T 1995 1998 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009
0-2 3-5 6-15 0-2 3-5 6-15 0-2 3-5 6-15 0-2 3-5 6-15 0-2 3-5 6-15 0-2 3-5 6-15 0-2 3-5 6-15
NL 55 62 63 58 63 64 64 66 74 71 67 78 66 71 77 66 74 80 68 73 83
PE n/a n/a 82 81 83 83 77 79 85 78 82 87 81 84 87 78 85 86 76 83 88
NS 63 64 72 63 70 73 71 72 78 71 77 81 76 77 82 70 78 83 68 83 84
NB 59 64 72 64 69 74 67 74 79 70 75 79 71 80 82 76 77 83 76 81 84
QC 61 67 75 65 67 75 67 75 79 73 77 83 74 79 83 74 80 85 73 78 86
ON 64 68 78 65 72 79 67 74 82 68 74 83 69 76 84 68 79 84 69 75 83
MB 62 73 82 62 76 83 66 75 86 68 77 86 64 76 85 66 76 88 62 71 86
SK 61 74 82 65 73 84 65 74 82 67 77 86 67 77 87 69 77 87 70 77 89
AB 62 74 82 64 71 84 60 71 84 59 71 86 63 69 81 61 73 84 63 70 86
BC 58 66 77 62 67 77 63 69 77 67 74 79 64 76 79 65 71 81 66 75 80
NTReference a is located after the table n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 64 75 84 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
NUReference a is located after the table n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 51 69 73 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
YTReference a is located after the table n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 74 81 92 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
CA 61 68 76 65 71 78 66 73 81 69 75 82 69 76 83 69 77 84 69 75 84
  • Reference from the above table a Source: Statistics Canada. Labour force historical review, 2009, Statistics Canada website. Territorial information for 1995, 1998, 2003 and 2005 is not available. Information is available for 2007 and 2009, but due to the use of different age categories, the information is not equivalent to other provinces, thus it is not included here. For the most recent information for these territories, see individual territorial sections.


Table 15 - Total Regulated Child Care Spaces
P/T 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2006 2007 2008 2010
NL 3,568 4,202 4,275 4,226 4,921 5,642 5,868 5,972 6,200
PEReference a is located after the table 4,123 3,888 3,717 4,270 4,100 4,051 4,293 4,424 5,084
NS 10,826 10,645 11,163 11,464 12,759 12,982 13,247 13,711 15,295
NB 7,162 7,952 9,204 11,086 11,897 13,163 14,170 15,506 18,785
QCReference b is located after the table 78,388 111,452 175,002 234,905 321,732 361,533Reference c is located after the table 364,572 368,909 379,386
ON 145,545 147,853 167,090Reference d is located after the table 173,135Reference d is located after the table 206,743 229,875 242,488 256,748Reference e is located after the table 276,410
MB 18,977 18,846 20,490 23,022 25,634 25,984 26,375 27,189 29,382
SK 6,418 7,266 7,124 7,166 7,910 8,712 8,850 9,173 10,848
AB 51,656 51,088 47,033 47,693 63,351
(46,238)Reference f is located after the table
66,288
(47,587)Reference f is located after the table
71,177
(52,528)Reference f is located after the table
73,981
(54,499)Reference f is located after the table
82,050
(62,980)Reference f is located after the table
BCReference g is located after the table 42,927 59,794 68,978 72,949 71,124 79,031 82,347 87,538 97,170
NT 963 1,286 1,351 1,234 1,219 1,525 1,703 1,768 1,785
NU n/a n/a n/a 932 1,014 987 970 1,013 1,015
YT 1,020 1,060 1,307 1,348 1,369 1,330 1,293 1,262 1,431
CA 371,573 425,332 516,734 593,430 745,925 811,262 837,392 867,194 921,841
  • Reference from the above table a Publicly-funded kindergarten was part of the regulated child care system in PEI between 2000 and September 2010. For the purpose of comparison with other provinces, part-day kindergarten spaces have not been included in these space figures.
  • Reference from the above table b Quebec's figures include school-age spaces which are under the Ministry of Education.
  • Reference from the above table c In 2006 a figure for school-age spaces in Quebec was not available. An estimate was calculated based on data in ECEC in Canada 2004 (Childcare Resource and Research Unit), i.e. 141,977 school-age spaces, which was expanded using the same percentage increase as the increase in total centre-based spaces for children aged 0-4 from 2004-2006 (13.7%).
  • Reference from the above table d Ontario's figures for total regulated spaces may not be comparable from year to year. In some years, Ontario was not able to determine whether regulated family child care spaces were or were not included in total regulated spaces.
  • Reference from the above table e The total does not equal the sum of the age groups shown because some rooms are used for different age groups at different times. The total represents the estimated licensed capacity in centres and enrolment in family child care. See Ontario section for further information.
  • Reference from the above table f School-age child care in Alberta became regulated for the first time in 2004. For purpose of comparison with previous years, the 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2010 figures include total number of spaces with and without school-age care.
  • Reference from the above table g The number of regulated child care spaces listed for BC in both centres and family child care homes noted above includes those that receive Child Care Operating Funding (CCOF). Information on the number of spaces that do not receive CCOF is not available and is not included in the totals. Most receive operating funding.


Table 16 - Percentage of Children 0-12 YearsReference a is located after the table for Whom There Is a Regulated Child Care Space
P/T Percentage (%)
1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2006 2008 2010
NL 3.3 4.3 5.0 5.5 6.8 8.3 9.2 9.6
PEReference b is located after the table 16.2 15.5 15.4 14.0 18.9 20.0 22.2 25.9
NS 6.8 6.8 7.3 8.1 9.6 10.3 11.6 13.0
NB 5.5 6.3 7.7 9.9 11.0 12.9 16.2 19.6
QCReference c is located after the table, Reference d is located after the table 6.8 9.4 14.9 21.1Reference e is located after the table 29.9 34.8 36.1 37.4
ON 8.1 7.7 8.5Reference f is located after the table 8.9Reference f is located after the table 10.7Reference f is located after the table 12.0 13.6 14.9
MB 9.1 9.5 10.5 12.4 14.3 14.5 15.5 16.8
SKReference c is located after the table 3.1 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.9 5.9 6.3 7.2
AB 9.7 9.6 8.8 9.1 12.3
(8.9)Reference g is located after the table
12.9
(9.3)Reference g is located after the table
13.7
(10.1)Reference g is located after the table
14.7
(11.3)Reference g is located after the table
BC 7.4 9.6 10.8 12.1 13.7 13.8 15.4 17.0
NT 5.7 n/a n/a n/a 13.1 17.5 20.5 21.7
NU n/a n/a n/a n/a 11.6 10.9 11.2 11.3
YTReference c is located after the table 16.7 n/a n/a n/a 29.2 28.4 27.9 29.5
CA 7.5 8.4 10.0 12.1 15.5 17.2 18.6 19.9
  • Reference from the above table a Note the drop in population of children 0-12 years over the decade when compared to the gradual increase in percentage of regulated child care spaces.
  • Reference from the above table b PEI introduced publicly-funded part-day kindergarten in September 2000 within the regulated child care system. In September 2010 kindergarten moved to the public education system. For the purpose of comparison with other jurisdictions, the number of children attending part-day kindergarten only has not been included in totals. Therefore, PEI's figures for 2001, 2004, and 2006, 2008 and 2010 are not comparable to those of previous years.
  • Reference from the above table c Nursery schools (part-time) are not regulated in Quebec, Saskatchewan and the Yukon Territory, and so are not included in these figures.
  • Reference from the above table d Quebec's figures include school-age spaces which are under the aegis of the Ministère de l'Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport.
  • Reference from the above table e By 2000, all regulated child care spaces that are part of CPEs became primarily publicly funded. See Quebec section for more information.
  • Reference from the above table f These percentages may not be comparable to those of previous years due to uncertainties about the data.
  • Reference from the above table g School-age child care in Alberta became regulated for the first time in 2004. For purpose of comparison, the 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2010 figures include total number of spaces with and without school-age care.


Table 17 - Percentage of Children 0-5 Years for Whom There Is a Regulated
Full or Part-Time Centre-Based Child Care Space
P/T Percentage (%)
1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2006 2008 2010
NL 7.0 9.0 10.8 11.9 13.1 16.5 17.3 17.9
PEReference a is located after the table 29.9 29.4 31.0 38.1 38.2 42.2 41.0 41.6
NS n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 25.2 22.1 22.6
NB n/a n/a n/a 11.9 n/a 18.1Reference b is located after the table 19.9 21.1
QCReference c is located after the table, Reference d is located after the table 9.2 9.4 11.5 16.8 22.0 25.6 25.0 28.5
ON 12.4 n/aReference e is located after the table 12.4
(est.)
14.0
(est.)
14.9 16.9 19.6 19.7
MB 12.5 13.6 15.0 17.9 20.2 20.0 20.6 22.8
SKReference c is located after the table 3.6 4.4 5.2 5.4 6.7 8.1 9.1 10.5
AB 17.5 17.9 17.5 17.6 18.9 17.9 17.4 19.8
BC 9.9 11.0 12.2 14.6 15.6 17.1 18.3 19.8
NT 10.2 n/a n/a n/a 18.7 21.0 23.3 22.9
NU n/a n/a n/a n/a 22.8 20.5 20.2 20.5
YTReference c is located after the table 25.3 n/a n/a n/a 35.9 26.4 28.3 27.8
CA 11.5 11.5 12.6 14.9 17.1 19.1Reference f is located after the table 20.3 21.8
  • Reference from the above table a PEI introduced publicly-funded part-day kindergarten in September 2000 within the regulated child care system. In September 2010 kindergarten moved to the public education system. For the purpose of comparison with other jurisdictions, the number of children attending part-day kindergarten only has not been included in totals. Therefore, PEI's figures for 2001, 2004, and 2006, 2008 and 2010 are not comparable to those of previous years.
  • Reference from the above table b This figure is inconsistent with data in ECEC in Canada 2006 (Childcare Resource and Research Unit), which was reported in error as 29.4% due to the inclusion of school-age spaces.
  • Reference from the above table c Nursery schools (part-time) are not regulated in Quebec, Saskatchewan and the Yukon Territory, and so are not included in these figures.
  • Reference from the above table d Quebec's figures include school-age spaces which are under the aegis of the Ministère de l'Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport.
  • Reference from the above table e Neither an age breakdown nor an estimate is available for Ontario for 1995. The 1992 figure is used in calculating the totals.
  • Reference from the above table f This figure has been amended to include the new information for New Brunswick.


Table 18 - Child Care Centres on Reserve and in Self-Government RegionsReference a is located after the table
P/T 2001 2004 2006 2008 2010
NL 2 2 2 8Reference b is located after the table 8Reference c is located after the table
PE 1 1 1 2 2
NS 11 13 13 13 13
NB 3 6 7 7 8
QC 25 41 43 43 49
ON 67 64 64 64 74
MB 60 62 62 62 64
SK 45 45 76 76 76
AB 22 24 31 35 35
BCReference d is located after the table 65 65 92
(est.)
98
(est.)
122
(est.)
NTReference e is located after the table 49 49 51 67 59
NUReference e is located after the table 42 46 45 45 47
YTReference f is located after the table 9 7 7 7 9
  • Reference from the above table a Off-reserve child care centres and family child care agencies serving Aboriginal families are available in some provinces/territories. Refer to Aboriginal Child Care section of each province/territory for details. In addition, see Federal Contributions to Aboriginal ECEC.
  • Reference from the above table b This figure includes six centres operating in Nunatsiavut self-government region. Thus, 2001-2006 and 2008 figures are not comparable.
  • Reference from the above table c There are two child care centres on Miawpukek First Nation reserve in Conne River. In addition, there are six provincially licensed centres operating in the Nunatsiavut self-government region.
  • Reference from the above table d The 2001 and 2004 figures represent the number of Aboriginal communities operating child care programs, which could include more than one centre. The 2006 and 2008 figures represent total centres operating (estimated). Thus, 2001 and 2004 figures are not comparable to 2006 and 2008.
  • Reference from the above table e Northwest Territories (outside Yellowknife) and Nunavut are made up of Dene and Inuit communities. These figures represent all centres in the two territories.
  • Reference from the above table f There are no reserves in Yukon; information refers to child care operated by Aboriginal communities.


Table 19 - Percentage of Regulated Centre-Based Spaces that Are For-Profit
P/T Percentage (%)
1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2006 2008 2010
NL 78 66 61 64 73 69 70 72
PE 35 32 42 46 70Reference a is located after the table 56Reference a is located after the table 58Reference a is located after the table 58Reference a is located after the table
NS 40 40 43 43 45 46 50 52
NB 43 40 n/a n/a 70Reference b is located after the table 64Reference b is located after the table 67Reference b is located after the table 62Reference b is located after the table
QCReference c is located after the table 18 18 14 14 12 13 14 17
ON 24 20 17 17 22 23 24 25
MB 10 12 13 8 8 6 5 5
SK 6 2 1 1 0 0.6 0 0
AB 65 62 59 56 54 49 51 50
BC 39 39 40 42 n/aReference d is located after the table n/aReference d is located after the table 42 43
NT 18 8 3 0 0 0 0 0
NU n/a n/a n/a 0 0 0 0 0
YT 14 25 76 27 26 31 36 44
CA 30 28 24 23 20Reference e is located after the table 21Reference e is located after the table 25 28
  • Reference from the above table a For the purpose of comparison with other jurisdictions where kindergarten is in the public education system, this figure does not include part-day kindergarten. As of September 2010, kindergarten moved to the education system.
  • Reference from the above table b Percentage estimate provided by provincial officials. See New Brunswick section for details.
  • Reference from the above table c Quebec's figures have been calculated including school-age child care spaces which are under the aegis of the Ministère de l'Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport.
  • Reference from the above table d Information not available.
  • Reference from the above table e Total percentage for 2004 and 2006 does not include British Columbia or New Brunswick.


Table 20 - Total Allocations in Actual Dollars for Regulated Child Care (Rounded)
P/T 1992 1995 1998 2001 2003-2004 2005-2006 2007-2008 2009-2010
NL 1,668,000 2,980,000 3,300,000 7,753,000 9,636,000 12,322,000Reference a is located after the table 19,844,000 20,523,000
PEReference b is located after the table 2,766,000 1,683,000 2,578,000 4,230,000 4,682,000 4,725,000 6,227,000 6,432,000
NS 11,421,000 11,844,000 15,685,000 12,892,000 19,768,000 23,695,000 37,150,000 39,033,000
NB 3,646,000 3,200,000 5,523,000 11,823,000 13,900,000 22,475,000 26,236,000 28,936,000
QC 140,726,000 203,695,000 299,860,000 1,092,428,000 1,560,000,000Reference c is located after the table 1,678,879,000 1,730,574,000 1,998,720,000Reference d is located after the table
ON 420,140,000 541,800,000 470,500,000 451,500,000 497,400,000 (534,100,000)Reference e is located after the table
830,100,000
780,400,000Reference e is located after the table 801,800,000Reference e is located after the table
MB 42,152,000 45,204,000 45,189,000 62,876,400 73,004,000 86,327,000 105,983,000 116,551,000
SK 12,307,000 12,714,000 15,746,000 16,388,000 19,639,000 22,773,000 47,134,000 53,716,000
AB 66,613,000 67,623,000 54,297,000 57,500,000 53,600,000 72,470,000 105,733,000 190,627,000
BCReference f is located after the table 55,798,000 98,681,000 128,865,000 164,563,000 140,725,000 176,108,000 216,740,000 227,500,000
NT 2,286,000 1,708,000 2,271,000 1,602,000 2,542,000 2,542,000 2,542,000 2,542,000
NU n/a n/a n/a 1,865,000 1,786,000 2,315,000 2,470,000 2,775,000
YT 2,438,000 4,148,000 4,764,000 4,440,000 5,197,000 5,409,000 6,409,000 7,359,000
CA 761,959,000 995,279,000 1,048,579,000 1,889,804,000 2,401,879,000 2,940,140,000 3,087,443,000 3,496,528,000
  • Reference from the above table a This is an estimated expenditure provided by provincial officials.
  • Reference from the above table b Between 2000 and September 2010, PEI's kindergartens were part of the child care system. For the purpose of comparison with other jurisdictions, this calculation does not include PEI's spending on part-day kindergarten between 2000 and 2010. See Prince Edward Island section for more detail.
  • Reference from the above table c Estimate.
  • Reference from the above table d This figure includes spending on school-age child care from 2008; more recent information not available.
  • Reference from the above table e Information on Ontario's total allocation for 2005-2006 in ECEC in Canada 2006 (Childcare Resource and Research Unit) did not include $296 million in the form of grants provided to municipalities under Best Start to support child care capital expansion and operating costs. Municipalities were to spend the funds for capital, fee subsidies, special needs resourcing, wage subsidies and wage improvement. Information was not available to identify how or in what year these funds were spent. These funds have been added to the total in the ECEC in Canada previous total; the previous total allocation figure is in parentheses. Note that the 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 total allocations include a similar fund. (See Ontario section for further explanation).
  • Reference from the above table f Subsidies in British Columbia may be used in both regulated and unregulated care, and no breakdown is available. At the suggestion of provincial officials, these figures have been estimated using 60% of the subsidy allocation in 1992, 55% in 1995, and 50% in 1998 (2007-2008).


Table 21 - Allocation in Actual Dollars for Each Regulated Child Care SpaceReference a is located after the table
P/T 1992 1995 1998 2001 2003-2004 2005-2006 2007-2008 2009-2010
NL 468 709 772 1,835 1,958 2,183 3,323 3,310
PE 671 433 694 1,334Reference b is located after the table 1,137Reference b is located after the table 1,166Reference b is located after the table 1,407Reference b is located after the table 1,265Reference b is located after the table
NS 1,055 1,113 1,405 1,125 1,549 1,825 2,710 2,552
NB 509 402 600 1,066 1,168 1,707 1,692 1,540
QCReference c is located after the table 1,795 1,828 1,713 4,651 4,849 4,644 4,691 5,268
ON 2,887 3,664 2,816 2,608 2,406 3,611Reference d is located after the table
(2,323)
3,040Reference d is located after the table 2,901Reference d is located after the table
MB 2,221 2,399 2,205 2,731 2,848 3,322 3,898 3,967
SK 1,918 1,750 2,210 2,279 2,483 2,614 5,138 4,952
AB 1,290 1,324 1,154 1,206 846 1,093 1,429 2,323
BCReference e is located after the table 1,300 1,650 1,868 2,256 1,754 2,224 2,476 2,341
NT 2,374 1,328 1,681 1,298 2,085 1,666 1,438 1,424
NU n/a n/a n/a 2,001 1,091 2,345 2,438 2,733
YT 2,390 3,914 3,645 4,086 3,796 4,067 5,079 5,143
CA 2,051 2,340 2,029 3,185 3,223 3,259 3,560 3,792
  • Reference from the above table a Figures based on total provincial allocations and total number of child care spaces.
  • Reference from the above table b 2001, 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 figures for PEI do not include part-day kindergarten expenditure or spaces for the purpose of comparison with other jurisdictions.
  • Reference from the above table c Quebec figures include expenditure on school-age care from the Ministère de l'Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport.
  • Reference from the above table d Information on Ontario's total allocation for 2005-2006 in ECEC in Canada 2006 (Childcare Resource and Research Unit) did not include $296 million in the form of grants provided to municipalities under Best Start to support child care capital expansion and operating costs. Municipalities were to spend the funds for capital, fee subsidies, special needs resourcing, wage subsidies and wage improvement. Information was not available to identify how or in what year these funds were spent. These funds have been added to the total in the ECEC in Canada previous total; the previous total allocation figure is in parentheses. Note that the 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 total allocations include a similar fund. (See Ontario section for further explanation).
  • Reference from the above table e British Columbia's figures represent an estimate for provincial allocation for subsidies because British Columbia allows subsidies to be used in unregulated care.


Table 22 - Allocation in Actual Dollars on Regulated Child Care for Each Child Aged 0-12 YearsReference a is located after the table
P/T 1992 1995 1998 2001 2003-2004 2005-2006 2007-2008 2010
NL 15 30 38 101 133 181 304 319
PE 109 67 107 187 216 233 313 328
NS 71 76 103 91 149 189 313 332
NB 28 25 46 105 129 221 274 302
QC 122 171 256 980 1,448 1,617 1,694 1,969
ON 232 282 238 232 258 432Reference b is located after the table
(278)
414Reference b is located after the table 431Reference b is located after the table
MB 202 228 231 338 407 481 606 665
SK 59 66 86 97 123 154 326 356
AB 126 128 102 110 104 141 195 341
BCReference c is located after the table 96 158 201 274 241 307 382 399
NT 136Reference d is located after the table 82Reference d is located after the table n/a n/a 273 292 294 309
NU n/a n/a n/a n/a 205 255 272 309
YT 400Reference d is located after the table 519Reference d is located after the table n/a n/a 1,109 1,120 1,415 1,518
CA 154 197 207 386 500 561 663 752
  • Reference from the above table a Estimates based on total provincial allocations and total number of children 0-12 years. Figures are not adjusted for inflation.
  • Reference from the above table b Information on Ontario's total allocation for 2005-2006 in ECEC in Canada 2006 (Childcare Resource and Research Unit) did not include $296 million in the form of grants provided to municipalities under Best Start to support child care capital expansion and operating costs. Municipalities were to spend the funds for capital, fee subsidies, special needs resourcing, wage subsidies and wage improvement. Information was not available to identify how or in what year these funds were spent. These funds have been added to the total in the ECEC in Canada previous total; the previous total allocation figure is in parentheses. Note that the 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 total allocations include a similar fund. (See Ontario section for further explanation).
  • Reference from the above table c British Columbia's figures represent an estimate for provincial allocation for subsidies because British Columbia allows subsidies to be used in unregulated care.
  • Reference from the above table d 1992 and 1995 figures for the Northwest Territories and the Yukon are based on estimated numbers of children 0-12 years of age, and therefore are not directly comparable to the figures given for other provinces.


Table 23 - Net Income Eligibility Levels for Full Child Care Subsidy
for One-Parent, One-Child FamilyReference a is located after the table
P/T Dollars ($)
1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2006 2008 2010
NL 9,960 9,960 10,520 14,160 14,160 25,000 27,500 27,500
PE 10,080 10,080 13,440 13,440 13,440 13,440 15,400 15,400
NS 16,500 16,812 16,812 16,812 16,800 16,800 16,800 20,883
NB 11,664 15,000 15,000 15,000 15,000 22,000 22,000 22,000
QCReference b is located after the table  12,000 12,000 12,000 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
ONReference c is located after the table  n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 20,000 20,000
MB 13,787 13,787 13,787 13,787 13,787 13,787 15,593 15,593
SKReference d is located after the table  19,668 19,668 19,668 19,668 19,800 19,800 19,800 19,800
AB 18,710 18,710 20,520 20,520 28,080 35,100Reference e is located after the table 35,100Reference e is located after the table 35,100Reference e is located after the table
BC 18,756 18,984 18,984 18,984 16,764 30,984 30,984 30,984
NTReference f is located after the table  n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
NUReference g is located after the table n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
YT 17,772 17,772 17,772 20,424 20,424 20,424 22,262 22,262

  • Reference from the above table a This table provides information for one family type; see each province for further details.
  • Reference from the above table b As of 2001, Quebec provides publicly-funded services rather than providing subsidies to selected families.
  • Reference from the above table c Ontario used a needs test until January 2007, when a province-wide income test was introduced.
  • Reference from the above table d Saskatchewan determines eligibility for subsidies based on gross income.
  • Reference from the above table e Effective November 2005, Alberta determines eligibility based on gross income, so figures for 2006, 2008 and 2010 cannot be compared to previous years.
  • Reference from the above table f In the Northwest Territories, a needs test is used in which income is only one factor.
  • Reference from the above table g In Nunavut, a needs test is used in which income is only one factor.

Footer

Date Modified:
2012-10-09